Ian Lancaster Fleming (1908-1964) was a British author, journalist and Second World War Navy Commander. He was a grandson of the Scottish financier Robert Fleming, who founded the Scottish American Investment Trust and the merchant bank Robert Fleming & Co.
Fleming is best remembered for creating the character of James Bond and chronicling his adventures in twelve novels and nine short stories. This started with Casino Royale (1953) and ended with Octopussy and The Living Daylights (1966). Additionally, Fleming wrote the children's story Chitty Chitty Bang Bang and two non-fiction books.